Pongal 2019

Pongal 2019

Pongal 2019 in India- Dates, Significance, Celebrations & More

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When is Pongal?

Celebrate Pongal on January 15, 2019, Tuesday

Pongol 2019

Pongal 2019. Are you searching pongal date in india, you are in right pleace.  in Pongal is celebrated in the month of January after the winter solstice. The date of Pongal usually remains same as it is enumerated according to the solar calendar that is more accurate than the lunar calendar. For Hindus the date of Pongal is extremely beneficial as it marks the sun’s entry into Makaram Rashi or the Tropic of mugger from the Tropic of Cancer. On this day sun begins its journey northwards (Uttarayan) for a period of six months as opposed to southwards (Dakshinayan) deportment. It is this fascinating and auspicious astrologic event that is celebrated as Pongal in South India and Makar Sankranti in North and Central India.

Pongal festival is celebrated for four continual days beginning from the last day of Tamil month of Maargazhi (December-January) and lasting up to the third day of Thai. The second and the main day of Pongal called Surya Pongal marks the beginning of Tamil month of Thai that corresponds to the month of January – February according to the Gregorian calendar.

Pongal brings vacation  to the people as it marks the end of cold winter and the appearance  of spring. From this time before the length of the day increases and that of the night shortens in the Northern Hemisphere.

  • Attend “official festivities” in various parts of Sri Lanka, which will include things like fireworks displays and traditional song and dance, besides the religious eating of “sticky rice.” These celebrations often continue long into the night.
  • Tour the streets to see the beautifully decorated homes of celebrants. Banana and mango tree leaves will adorn the premises, while floors will be decked out with colourful patterns made with colorued rice flour and other items. Doorsteps also may have such patterns displayed on them. If you can befriend a local Tamil, see if he will let you come inside his house to see the decorations that can’t be viewed from the outside.
  • Dine on some genuine Sri Lankan cuisine. Besides the “festive pongal rice,” you may wish to try curries of chicken, beef, goat, or other meats; pickled fruits and vegetables; “kokis,” a crispy biscuit made from rice flour and coconut milk; “watalappam,” a steamed pudding containing coconut milk; “thala guli,” a dessert made of ground sesame seeds, coconut meat, and jaggery; and “kiri toffee,” another dessert made of condensed milk, cumin, and cashew nuts.

Pongol 2019

Pongal started  the date on which the four days of Pongal will be celebrated in 2019

  • Bhogi Festival : 14th January
  • Surya Pongal : 15th January
  • Maatu Pongal : 16th January
  • Kaanum Pongal: 17th January

Pongal in United States

Thanksgiving is a holiday celebrated in America, generally audited as an expression of thankfulness to God. It is an occasion to give thanks to God for the munificence of the autumnal harvest. In the United States, the holiday is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November. In Canada, where the crop generally ends earlier in the year, the holiday is celebrated on the second Tuesday in October, which is audited as Columbus Day.


The first Thanksgiving was celebrated by the Pilgrims in 1621 to celebrate a successful harvest in the new land. The celebration was emerged on harvest traditions that the colonists brought with them from England. In 1863, Abraham Lincolnmade public Thanksgiving as a national holiday.

Pongal kolam rangoli designs with dots, Makarsankranti Images

Traditional celebration

Thanksgiving is traditionally celebrated with a festival shared among friends and family. In the United States, it is an significant family holiday, and people often travel across the country to be with family members for the holiday. The Thanksgiving holiday is generally a “four-day” weekend in the United States, in which Americans are given the relevant Thursday and Friday off. Thanksgiving is almost completely celebrated at home.

American families get together to watch football and eat a big festival with turkey and grandma’s apple pie. Beyond food and football, Thanksgiving is also about friendship and partnership and family. palmer and Native Americans, who were once opponent, reaped a successful harvest by working together. At the first Thanksgiving, they ate, sang, and danced together for three days. A typical Thanksgiving meal in the United States includes turkey, dressing, sweet potatoes, cranberry sauce, and rolls.

Bogi Festival

Bogi festival or Bhogi is the first day of Pongal and is celebrated in dignity of Lord Indra, “the God of Clouds and Rains”. Lord Indra is adored for the adequacy of harvest, thereby bringing plenty and enrichment to the land. Thus, this day is also known as Indran. On Bhogi all people clean out their homes from top to bottom, and collect all undesirable goods. This day is meant for domestic activities and of being all together with the family members

All the houses from the podded to the modest are thoroughly scrubbed and lime wash. Homes are cleaned and decorated with “Kolam” – floor designs drawn in the white paste of newly harvested rice with outlines of red foulness. Often pumpkin flowers are set into cow-dung balls and placed among the patterns. Fresh harvest of rice, turmeric and sugarcane is brought in from the field as preparation for the following day.



A special puja is performed on the first day of Pongal before the cutting of paddy. Farmers prayer the sun and the earth by anointment their ploughs and sickles with sandalwood paste. It is with these unblemished tools that the newly-harvested rice is cut.

The Bonfire

Another ritual observed on this day is Bhogi Mantalu, when unjust household articles are thrown into a fire made of wood and cow-dung cakes. Girls dance around the bonfire, singing songs in praise of the gods, the spring and the harvest. The significance of the bonfire, in which is burnt the agricultural wastes and firewood is to keep warm during the last lap of winter.

Pongal pictures tamil-Pongal Images

In Andhra Pradesh this day is celebrated by girls burning their old clothes and wearing the new ones after an oil massage and bath. Then follows Pongal Panai, a ritual in which new crockery pots are drawn and decorated with turmeric, flowers and mango leaves.

Surya Pongal

The second day of Pongal is known as ‘Surya Pongal’ and is dedicated to the Sun God. It is the day on which the celebration actually begins and is also the first day of the Tamil month Thai. On this day the farmhouse are full, the sun shines brightly, trees are in full bloom, bird-songs resound in the air and hearts over-abundance with happiness that get translated into colorful and joyous celebrations.

Puja Preparation

Women wake early on this day to create elaborate ‘kolam’ on the sediment in front of their doorway or home. Kolam is created with colored rice flour placed on the sediment carefully by using one’s hand. The women take several hours to finish the kolum. On this day the new rice is closely-knit and cooked in pots until they over flow. It is this overflowing which means Pongal. This overflowing of rice is a joyous occasion, and the children and adults as well will shout out ‘Pongal-o-Pongal!’

Pongal pictures tamil-Pongal Images

Surya Pongal Puja Process

The Sun God is offered boiled milk and jiggery. A plank is placed on the ground, a large image of the Sun God is sketch on it and Kolam designs are drawn around it. In the centre of the plank is drawn a large figure of the Sun God with his resplendent rays. The “Puja” of the Sun God starts after the auspicious moment of the birth of the new month Thai. Prayers are rendered to the Sun God to seek his bridegroom.

The Sun God is given arrogance of place during Pongal. In the villages, people gather in the yard and prepare the Pongal in the open. The pot in which the Pongal is cooked is decorated with flowers, saccharum officinarum pieces, turmeric plant etc. The first offering is made to the Sun.

Surya Pongal Delicacies

The rice is cooked and made as a dish called Pongal which is rice with dhal and sugar. This Pongal difference is called venpongal,ven meaning white. Another difference is also prepared with dhal and jaggery (sweet), called chakra pongal chakrai meaning sweet. To accompany the venpongal, people eat brinjal (eggplant) sambar (stew), vadai,idli and spicy music.

Pongal pictures tamil-Pongal Images

Sweets, puddings, cooked rice or ‘Sarkarai Pongal’ is prepared on this day. On all the three days of Bhogi, Pongal and Maattu Pongal, women adorn the gateway of their houses with colorful kolams. Large patterns, decorated with colorful flowers and roughness are drawn, serried the entire street.

Mattu Pongal

The third day of Pongal is devoted to cattle and is called Mattu Pongal. People offer prayers to the Taurus, cows and other farm animals. Cows and bulls have always held a special place in India. Cows give nourishing milk while bulls and oxen help Dipper the fields. Thus, Maatu Pongal is days when cattle are given a well fitting day of rest and are given pride of place. Therefore the farmers honor their cattle friends by celebrating it as a day of thanks-giving to them.

Pongal pictures tamil-Pongal Images


On this day, Lord Ganesh and Goddess Parvati are adored and Pongal is offered to them in the ‘puja’. According to a legend, once Shiva asked his bull, Basava, to go to the earth and ask the microcosm to have an oil massage and bath every day and to eat once a month. without intention, Basava announced that everyone should eat daily and have an oil bath once a month. This mistake enraged Shiva who then cursed Basava, banishing him to live on the earth forever. He would have to plough the fields and help people produce more food. Thus the association of this day with cattle.


Pongal pictures tamil-Pongal Images

Puja Process

The cattle are washed; their horns are drawn and covered with shining metal caps. Multi-colored beads, sound bells, sheaves of corn and flower garlands are tied around their necks. They are fed with Pongal and taken to the village centres. community pay their respect to cows by submissiong down, like praying in temple, and touching their feet and foreheads, followed by an aarthi (showing fire to the object of praise) and offering the cattle prasadam (food offering, in this case, Pongal).

Jallikattu- A Bull Festival

A festival called Jallikattu is held in Madurai, Tiruchirapalli and Tanjavur on this day. Bundles of money are tied to the horns of violent bulls which the villagers try to retrieve. Everyone joins in the community food, at which the food is made of the moreover harvested grain. This day is named and celebrated as Tamizhar Tirunal in a fitting manner throughout Tamil Nadu.

Thiruvalluvar Day / Kanum Pongal

The fourth day of the three-day Pongal celebrations is called Kaanum Pongal. In few places this day is also known as Karinaal or Thiruvalluvar Day. It is devoted to the sun god, Surya and has its roots in ancient Brahminical tradition. Since Pongal is a rural, agrarian based festival that celebrates the harvests, the sun is a vital part of the proceedings paper. This is because the Sun is the symbol of life on Earth. Without the Sun, crops cannot sprout and grow. Without the Sun, harvests will not be plentiful.

Surya Puja

On the Kaanum Pongal, elaborate crushed chalk designs of the sun god, Surya are drawn. As soon as the beneficial month of Thai is underway, Surya is worshiped. Sheaves of sugarcane dot the prayer area. Freshly cooked food including the typical sweet dish ‘Sarkarai pongal’ is first offered to Surya. Sugarcane that is offered is symbolic for sweetness and happiness in life. Sugarcane stalks and coconut- both beneficial symbols of plenty- are also offered to the Gods in propitiation of a plentiful harvest in the imminent year.

Pongal pictures tamil-Pongal Images

Customs & Rituals

This day is very similar to Rakhsa Bandhan and Bhai Dhuj in that it is principally a festival where women offer prayers for the benefit of their brothers. The women perform this ritual before ablution in the morning. All the women, young and old, of the house, assemble in the courtyard. The rice is placed in the centre of the leaf, while the women ask that the house and family of their brothers should prosper. Arati is performed for the brothers with turmeric water, limestone and rice, and this water is sprinkled on the kolam in front of the house.


On this day, people travel to see other family members and the younger members of the family pay homage to the elders, and the elders thank them by giving token money. Another thing many do is leave food out on banana leaves for birds to take. Many South Indian people take the first bit of rice cooked in any given day and set it outside for the crows to take, so this is not necessarily a habit only for Pongal. Some also go to temple to prayer and thank god for all good things that are deposited on them.